Introduction to Smart Home

Smart home is an embodiment of the Internet of Things under the influence of the Internet. It can be defined as a process or a system. It belongs to a branch of smart wearable devices. It mainly uses houses as a platform. It has both architecture, network communication, information appliances, and equipment. Automation, an efficient, comfortable, safe, convenient, and environmentally friendly living environment that integrates systems, structures, services, and management.

The concept of SmartHome first appeared in the United States. It uses advanced computer technology, embedded technology, network communication technology, and integrated wiring technology to organically integrate various subsystems related to home life.

The smart home defined by Home Automation Association (HAA) is: a process using different methods or devices to improve people’s ability to live and make the home more comfortable, safe and effective.

The status of smart home

Traditional smart homes, including smart home appliance control, smart light control, smart security, smart audio and video, etc., have been widely used at different levels in some countries at the end of the last century and the beginning of this century. The smart home based on the Internet of Things can be said to be a smart home with remote and wireless technology as the main carrier after the smart wearable industry detonated. Mainly based on the traditional smart home, it covers remote monitoring, home healthcare and monitoring, information services, online education, and the expansion of joint smart communities and smart cities. It is mainly reflected in the following seven aspects:

1. Smart appliance control

Smart home appliances occupy an important position in traditional smart home systems.It mainly implements air conditioning, water heaters, drinking water through various controls such as remote control, phone control, computer remote control, timing control, wearable device control, and scene adaptation. Machine, TV and electric curtains and other equipment for intelligent control. Users can freely configure and add home appliance control nodes according to their needs. The realization of this function not only brings convenience to users, but also saves energy to a certain extent.

2.Intelligent lighting control

The change of light and shadow is an important means to create the current home environment. The emergence of intelligent lights adds a touch of mystery to the home’s individual life. It mainly replaces traditional switches with smart switches, so as to realize inductive control of home lights and create any ambient atmosphere and light switch scene. It can realize any lighting scene mode, whether it is the projection light of home theater, romantic dinner light, scene light of friends gathering or the light of after-meal reading on quiet weekend. When you go out or work overtime, the lights will automatically adjust to the corresponding mode. In addition, the intelligent light control system will automatically adjust the indoor light according to the outside light throughout the day, and automatically adjust the indoor light according to different time periods throughout the day.

3. Smart audio and video

After talking about intelligent lighting, we must say that intelligent video and audio, smart home can control indoor DVD / VCR / satellite TV / cable TV and other audio and video equipment, including volume / channel / preset / pause / fast forward. Achieve comprehensive control anytime, anywhere. And according to the specific life scene, freely convert the video and audio combination effect, make the home life more enjoyable. The current popular smart TV is one of the important carriers in the intelligent audio-visual system.

4. Smart Security

Home security has always been the focus of attention. Smart security is the primary component of a smart home, and it is also the primary requirement of a household for a smart home system. Intelligent security mainly refers to the three-dimensional security system of smart homes through various security detectors (such as smoke detection, motion detection, glass break detection, door sensor, etc.) and access control, video intercom, and monitoring records in the security system. For example: Video intercom allows users to clearly observe visitors and confirm that they are opening the door remotely. When a danger is encountered or a potential danger is detected, the alarm system will automatically send the alarm information to the residential property, and send the alarm information to the user by phone or text message. The intelligent security system used with wearable devices will realize the intelligence and security of intelligent security to a greater extent.

5. Remote monitoring based on the Internet of Things

With the continuous development and improvement of the Internet of Things technology, the traditional smart home category has been further expanded. The smart home system is on a telecommunication broadband platform, which remotely controls the camera in the home through IE or mobile phone to achieve remote access. In addition, residents can also control home appliances through IE or smart phones, wearable devices, etc. Such as remotely controlling the rice cooker to cook rice, cooking the bath water in advance, turning on the air conditioner in advance to adjust the indoor temperature, and so on.

6. IoT-based messaging services

The Internet allows users to obtain and exchange information at any time and any place. Similarly, smart home networking, especially the integration of the entire visual audio-visual system, as well as the integration of head-mounted wearable devices and virtual reality technology, can allow users to be anywhere Changyou network information world.

7. Internet Education Based on Internet of Things

Smart homes based on the Internet of Things provide new opportunities for the development of online education. Schools and parents can achieve closer cooperation through Internet-based education tools in the home, and build a bridge between the home and the classroom. In the smart home, people of all ages can enjoy educational resources and carry out lifelong education and learning.

The smart home in the era of the Internet of Things can be understood as a more complex, large and systematic home intelligent system. With the integration of various communication technologies such as buses and wireless, various products that integrate intelligence and monitoring can use the system The platform realizes interconnection and interaction, and brings a convenient and intelligent lifestyle to users.